The Noah Project

Rebuilding a sustainable world.


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What the Earth will look like in 250 million years

This originally appeared on Mail Online.

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NASA Flights Target How Pollution, Storms And Climate Mix

More than 250 scientists, engineers, and flight personnel are participating in the Studies of Emissions, Atmospheric Composition, Clouds and Climate Coupling by Regional Surveys (SEAC4RS) campaign. The project is sponsored by the Earth Science Division in the Science Mission Directorate at NASA Headquarters in Washington. Brian Toon of the Department of Atmospheric and Oceanic Sciences at the University of Colorado, Boulder, is SEAC4RS lead scientist.

“In summertime across the United States, emissions from large seasonal fires, metropolitan areas, and vegetation are moved upward by thunderstorms and the North American Monsoon,” Toon said. “When these chemicals get into the stratosphere they can affect the whole Earth. They also may influence how thunderstorms behave. With SEAC4RS we hope to better understand how all these things interact.”

One benefit of this thorough examination of the region’s atmosphere will be more accurate satellite data.

“By using aircraft to collect data from inside the atmosphere, we can compare those measurements with what our satellites see and improve the quality of the data from space,” said Hal Maring of the Earth Science Division at NASA Headquarters.

Read more here.


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How does world’s oldest water taste? ‘Terrible.’

Ancient water
Earth Science Professor, Barbara Sherwood Lollar describes the oldest water ever discovered ( possibly as old as 2.6 billion years, when Earth was less than half its current age) in a recent interview with Deborah Netburn of the Los Angeles Times:

“What jumps out at you first is the saltiness. Because of the reactions between the water and the rock, it is extremely salty. It is more viscous than tap water. It has the consistency of a very light maple syrup. It doesn’t have color when it comes out, but as soon as it comes into contact with oxygen it turns an orangy color because the minerals in it begin to form — especially the iron.

So you’ve tasted it?

I have to admit I have tasted it from time to time. It tastes terrible. It is much saltier than seawater. You would definitely not want to drink this stuff.

We are interested in the saltiest waters because they are the oldest, and tasting is the quick-and-dirty way to find which are the most salty. I don’t let the students do it, though.”

You can find the entire article here.


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Pliosaurus Kevani

It’s the most fearsome  creature that ever lived and could have devoured a Tyranosaurus-Rex for breakfast… and it is called Kevan.

The Pliosaurus kevani, to give it its proper name, ruled the oceans 150million years ago.

Equipped with a massive jaw studded with 12in teeth, the ‘sea rex’ had the biggest bite in history.

Kevan Sheehan with the pliosaur on display at Dorset County Museum, DorchesterThe sea monster has been named Pliosaurus kevani after Kevan Sheehan, the retired café owner who spent five years painstakingly unearthing it